Anal sex became the great taboo, the worst sin, the unmentionable sin in the Western world under the influence of Christianity, but in the more mystical lands of the East, where the spiritual potential of bodily pleasure retained the high, sacred status it had once held in pagan times in the Middle East and Europe, the power of this chakra point was celebrated until modern times.
The Indian Chakra system has been eagerly embraced in the New Age West, and in it the base chakra is associated with the perineum, but rarely discussed is the power that can be accessed through stimulation of the chakra -from the inside…
“The anus (guda or payu) is one of the most important chakras (‘centres of psychic energy’) in the human body, its significance repeatedly emphasised in the tantric texts with what might be called homosexual overtones. In fact, anal intercourse or adhorata (literally, ‘under love’), either between males or between males and females, was one of the main expedients for using the potential of the rectal center, whose animation was believed to energize the artistic, poetic and mystical faculties. Some medieval Indian writers regarded the practice as quite common and in no way perverse, but other claimed that men who engaged in it with other men were reborn as men incapable of begetting… concentration on the anus, introduction of wooden plugs into the rectum during mediation, digital insertion in ano during certain rituals, constriction of the rectal sphincter, and stimulation of the region during certain mystical poses all give maximum psychic power. Such beliefs are common yogic disciplines based on the belief in a close correspondence between the anus and certain higher centers of the subtle body. With such beliefs anal intercourse would assume mystical meaning, and male homosexuality, at least under certain conditions, was tolerated if not encouraged. Even when regarded with some hostility, it was usually not considered with as great a hostility as some other sexual activities. Kautilya, who wrote his Arthasatra in the fourth century BC, fined male participants in homosexual activity between 48 and 94 panas, and women who engaged in sexual relations with each other were fined 12 to 24 panas, much less than participants in certain heterosexual activities were fined.” Vern L Bullough, Sexual Variance in Society and History. 1976.
The great eastern civilisations in India, China and Japan embraced same sex love and gender variance as part of the divine order, in sharp contrast to what developed in the West from the late Roman Empire onwards, where transgender priesthoods were wiped out and homosexual men threatened with death penalties, from the law enacted by the Emperor Justinian in 533 until late 18th century in France and 1861 in England. The death penalty was first legislated into being in England by Henry VIII in 1533, exactly 1000 years after Justinian’s decree.
Several Hindu scriptures explicitly describe people with a homosexual nature. Among these, the Narada-smriti (a first-century B.C. text of religious codes attributed to the sage Narada) states that homosexuality is not curable, that homosexuals are exempted from the duty to procreate. The Sushruta Samhita (a 600 B.C. medical text compiled by the sage Sushruta) says that such tendencies are in-born and the Kama Sutra (a third-century A.D. text on the art of lovemaking by the sage Vatsyayana) also refers to homosexual acts and third-gender people – tritiya–prakriti – and describes the svairini (independent woman) who engages in aggressive lovemaking with other women. Other terms for lesbians and women who are either masculine or impotent with men in the Hindu scriptures include nastriya, stripumsa, shandhi. Similarly, bisexuals (kami or paksha), transgenders (shandha) and intersex types (nisarga, vakri, trnaputrika, etc.) are all present in Hindu scriptures.
The texts go into some detail, for example the Sushruta Samhita lists five types of men who are impotent with women and known as kliba: the asekya (who swallows the semen of other men), the saugandhika (who smells the genitals or pheromones of other men), the kumbhika (who takes the passive role in anal sex), the irshyaka (the voyeur) and the shandha (who has the qualities and behavior of a woman). Sushruta states that the first four types of kliba have semen and male characteristics whereas the fifth (shandha) is completely devoid of these. Furthermore, all of the first four become aroused only by “sucking the genitals and drinking the semen of other men.”
In Indian culture gay/trans/thirdgender people were considered to have supernatural powers, as had been also the case in pagan Europe. Revered astrological texts such as the Brihat Jataka and Brihat Samhita mention planetary alignments at the time of conception that indicate a third-gender birth. Such births are associated with the three napumsa planets (Mercury, Saturn and Ketu) and indicate intelligence, mastery of the arts and sciences, detachment from family life, and clairvoyant abilities.
Carrying a combination of male and female spirit queer people were seen in India in pre-British times as being closer to the divine ideal, as symbolised by the depiction of Shiva Ardhanisvara, whose name means “The Lord whose half is a woman”. This form of Shiva represents the “totality that lies beyond duality”, and is associated with communication between mortals and gods and between men and women. French historian Alain Danielou said that “The hermaphrodite, the homosexual and the transvestite have a symbolic value and are considered privileged beings, images of the Ardhararishvara.”
The British criminalised homosexual behavior, cross-dressing and castration in India in 1860, educating the population to view homosexual behavior as unnatural, perverted, demonic, a mental illness etc, attitudes that have been slow to shift. The British wanted to wipe out the third-gender priesthoods, but the hijra have survived, and with the rise of LGBTQ awareness and human rights in India are even beginning to regain recognition of their holy status. [https://www.sapiens.org/biology/hijra-india-third-gender/]
The iceberg is starting to melt, but there is a long way to go. The sacredness of same sex love and gender variance, even of ANAL SEX itself await our reclamation.
Queer Spirit Festival: RECLAIMING QUEER NATURE 17-21 August 2023 www.queerspirit.net